Have you found the perfect job or internship abroad? You already speak the language and can't wait to arrive... All that's left to do is prepare the perfect CV to ensure you get the position of your dreams! We all know that a CV is often the most decisive element for recruiters when it comes to selecting candidates for interview. When creating a CV destined for recruiters abroad, you must pay special attention, as layout and content requirements vary considerably from one country to another! But don't worry, Wizbii is here to share the most important CV differences with you to ensure you apply correctly for jobs in France, Italy, Spain and Germany!
France♦ Photo: Yes ♦ Length: It's extremely important that your CV is no longer than one page! A clear and concise layout is the alpha and omega of a French CV. ♦ Date and signature: No (you wouldn't have any room left to add them in any case!) ♦ Order: Reverse chronological order ♦ Sections to include: Personal Information, Education, Professional Experience, Languages, I.T. Skills, Hobbies and Interests. ♦ Don't include: Hobbies and interests that are irrelevant to the position in question. ♦ Don't forget: Personal Information should be followed by a title along the lines of "Etudiant en deuxième année à la recherche d'un stage en Marketing", (Second year student looking for an internship in Marketing).
Italy♦ Photo: No photo, unless specified (in this case, a professional colour photo should be used)! If not, it could be a good idea to bring a photo to the job interview! ♦ Length: 1-2 pages maximum ♦ Date and signature: No ♦ Order: Chronological (unless you have extensive experience, in which case you should start with the most recent) ♦ Sections to include: Personal information plays an important role when it comes to Italian CVs. Nationality, marital status, age and birthplace are therefore necessary! Along with the "Education", "Professional Experience" and "Languages" sections you must include a "Personal Skills" section, which allows you to highlight your strengths (interpersonal skills, leadership abilities, content creation, etc.). ♦ Don't include: Hobbies and interests. It's fairly uncommon for Italian CVs. ♦ Don't forget: To add this phrase at the bottom of your CV to authorise the treatment of your personal data:
"Autorizzo il trattamento dei dati personali contenuti nel mio curriculum vitae in base art. 13 del D. Lgs. 196/2003."
Spain♦ Photo: Yes. ♦ Length: 1-2 pages maximum. ♦ Date and signature: Yes, at the bottom of the CV. ♦ Ordrer: Chronological. ♦ Sections to include: Personal Information, Education, Professional Experience, Languages, I.T. Skills. ♦ Don't include: Interests and Hobbies, there's no direct link to the position. ♦ Don't forget: The "Personal Information" section is very important in Spain! Therefore, don't forget to mention your nationality, marital status, date of birth and birthplace! If you have any references to add, perfect!
Germany♦ Photo: Yes. ♦ Length: 1-2 pages maximum. ♦ Date and signature: Yes, don't forget to put the place and date at the bottom of a German CV along with your signature. ♦ Order: The order of the German CV is currently in transition. Chronological order was still widely used up until a few years ago, however reverse chronological order is recommended nowadays. ♦ Sections to include: Personal Information, Education; Professional Experience, Languages, I.T. Skills. ♦ Don't include: Hobbies and Interests, if they aren't directly related to the position. ♦ Don't forget: Gaps in your employment history are a real faux pas when it comes to the German CV! Below is a quick overview of UK CV rules so that you can compare, even though you're probably already familiar with them! ;)
UK♦ Photo: No. In the UK, CV's with a photo are more likely to be rejected than those without a photo. ♦ Length: 1-2 pages maximum. ♦ Date and signature: Neither ♦ Order: Reverse chronological order. ♦ Sections to include: Personal information, Education, Professional Experience, Languages, I.T. Skill, Hobbies and Interests. ♦ Don't include: Age, religion, marital status, nationality, gender or date of birth. Since the introduction of the Equality Act in 2010, which aims to reduce discrimination during the recruitment process, you should not include this type of information on your CV. ♦ Don't forget: The "Personal Information" section is often followed by a short paragraph describing the skills and experience that set you apart from other candidates. References are welcome on CVs in the UK. Now you know the main rules concerning CV content and layout for France, Italy, Germany or Spain! Even though it might seem obvious, your CV should always be written in the language of the country you're applying for a job in. The same basic rules that apply for the UK are just as important abroad: avoid spelling/grammar mistakes at all costs. Ideally, ask a native speaker to read over your CV and check for mistakes. If you haven't already found a job or internship abroad, the perfect position could be waiting for you on Wizbii :)
Article by Katharina Beck